Types of Joint Replacement Surgeries

When a joint is destroyed, as is frequently the case with severe osteoarthritis, a joint replacement is done to replace all or part of the damaged joint. Prosthetic components will be used to repair the joint.

If no portion of the joint can be saved, a total joint replacement operation will be advised; if some joint tissue is still in good shape, a partial replacement can be carried out. The amount of the injury will determine what the surgeon advises.

Let’s take a closer look at the two most popular joint replacement procedures and how they can potentially assist patients regain their mobility.

Total Hip Replacement Surgery

During the treatment, the surgeon replaces injured ancillary tissues and the top of the femoral bone (also known as the thighbone or upper leg bone) with prosthetic materials. The replacement hip should function very similarly to the healthy hip.

The arthritic end of the femur bone will be cut off by the surgeon, who will also shape the socket to prepare it for the prosthesis. The socket is then filled with a prosthetic cup using medical-grade cement, and the cup is filled with a liner to ensure smooth movement of the new joint. Then, while a replacement head is attached to the femoral bone, a prosthetic femoral stem is fitted with a prosthetic ball.

Total Knee Replacement Surgery

Patients with advanced knee arthritis who are no longer responding to conventional therapy strategies are typically advised to try this.

A prosthesis comprised of medical-grade metal and plastic components is used by the surgeon to replace the broken knee joint during the treatment. The tibial, femoral, and patellar components of the prosthesis are made to move similarly to your natural knee.

Similar to hip replacement surgery, the prosthesis is often fastened using cement. A knee prosthesis has a 20-year lifespan.

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